Dementia
Last Edited: April 10th, 2012

Coupons for Dementia

Sorry we could not find any coupons available for Dementia
Dementia

While most of us have an idea of what dementia is, many do not fully understand the nature of this condition and its toll on individuals. Dementia refers to a substantial loss in cognitive function, much more pronounced than what is commonly associated with the normal aging process. Dementia is not a disease in and of itself, but a term that refers to a non-specific set of signs and symptoms. Currently, there are several different types of dementia recognized by the medical community including: static, progressive, dementia related to a global brain injury and early onset dementia.

Types

There are three main types of dementia: static dementia, progressive dementia and dementia attributable to a global brain injury. Each condition is related to a specific cause which differs from type to type, ultimately all three produce the same general symptoms such as disorientation, learning disabilities, and memory loss.

Static dementia is usually caused by a traumatic brain injury, infection or by stroke. Generally, a portion of the brain has been damaged and reduces the dementia sufferer’s ability to access short term memory or function at a higher cognitive level. The dysfunction is persistent but not progressive, meaning that there is no expectation that the condition will worsen over time.

Slowly progressive dementia refers to a condition whereby the loss of cognitive function occurs over a period of several years and is usually caused by a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer’s Disease or vascular degeneration. This type of dementia is commonly found in the elderly population though repeated trauma to the head such as that experienced by boxers or chronic alcohol or drug use may bring about symptpms in younger individuals.

Rapidly progressing dementia mimics the same set of symptoms as slowly progressing dementia, however the onset and progression of symptoms occurs much more quickly. In some cases, the cause can be associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s or vascular degeneration, however this type is usually caused by infection, fast growing tumors, drug toxicity or metabolic conditions such as liver or kidney disease.

Juvenile arthritis refers to a number of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions that can develop in children ages 16 and younger. There is no known cause for the various types of juvenile arthritis, but the Arthritis Foundation disputes that onset is caused by allergies, toxins or certain kinds of food. According to the foundation, approximately 300,000 American children have some form of juvenile arthritis.

Symptoms

Symptoms of arthritis can vary from type to type and for person to person, but the most common symptoms of dementia are memory loss, disorientation, decreased ability to learn, recall past experiences or use deductive reasoning. Symptoms usually become severe enough significantly reduce quality of life in both progressive forms though the static form may not have as significant an effect on the sufferer. In some cases, institutionalization is required.

Causes

Dementia is caused by a number of conditions including:

  • Neurodegenerative diseases
  • Infection
  • Trauma
  • Inflammation
  • Drug or Alcohol Abuse
  • Metabolic conditions
  • Lack of oxygen to the brain (stroke, choking etc.)

Dementia occurs when a portion of the brain is damaged, causing a dysfunction in cognitive ability.

Risk factors

Risk factors for arthritis including the following:

  • Family history
  • Age
  • Down Syndrome
  • Alcohol use
  • Atherosclerosis
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol
  • Depression

Treatment

Treatment for dementia depends upon the type and severity of the symptoms. In most cases, patients prescribed medications to treat the underlying neurodegenerative disease, if there is one. Other physical conditions may also be treated with medications including high blood pressure, depression, and atherosclerosis. Sufferers are usually asked to make lifestyle changes to accommodate the loss of memory and inability to reason including carrying a reminder calendar, creating routines, and keeping family members involved.