Zetia
Last Edited: April 20th, 2012

Coupons for Zetia

Zetia is a United States brand name for ezetimibe, an oral medication used to lower blood cholesterol levels. The drug also decreases triglycerides, fatty substances in the blood. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels contribute to heart disease.

Using ezetimibe may prevent heart attack, stroke and other serious problems caused by clogged blood vessels. The drug works by inhibiting cholesterol absorption in the small intestines.

Zetia is typically prescribed with lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a low-fat or low-cholesterol diet. The drug may be used alone or with other cholesterol-lowering drugs, such fibrates and statins. Zetia is available only with a doctor’s prescription.

Zetia and Risk Factors

Patients and their doctors must weigh the health risks of taking Zetia with the good effects it may produce. Together, they must consider several different factors. These include pregnancy, breastfeeding, allergies and age.

No substantial studies have been conducted on the use of Zetia during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is uncertain how this drug may affect infant development. Women and their doctors must weigh the potential benefits against the possible risks before using this medication.

Ezetimibe may also pose an allergy risk to some people. This is particularly true for those who have allergies to foods, dyes and preservatives. Any allergies should be discussed with a doctor before Zetia is prescribed.

Ezetimibe is not recommended for children under 10 years of age. The drug is often prescribed for elderly adults, and it appears to produce the same results and side effects for seniors as for younger adults.

Zetia and Other Drugs

Certain medicines should never be used together. Some are more effective when taken with other drugs. Doctors may prescribe Zetia for use with statins, lipid-lowering drugs that decrease cholesterol levels. Sometimes ezetimibe is combined with fibrates, fibric acid derivatives that lower blood triglycerides. When interactions occur, doctors typically change the dosage.

Zetia is not recommended with certain medications, as the combination may cause adverse side effects. Doctors can recommend the best drug combinations for safe and effective treatment. Patients should also talk to their doctors about food, alcohol and tobacco use, since these item interact negatively with certain drugs.

Zetia Dosage Information

Ezetimibe is prescribed as an oral medication. The dosage differs for different individuals. The amount depends on the drug’s strength, the patient’s condition and the overall response to treatment. Patients should follow their doctor’s instructions or the label directions.

Generally, adults take 10 milligrams of Zetia daily, with or without food. Children over the age of 10 take the same amount as adults. The drug is not recommended for younger children.

Ezetimibe works in combination with certain lifestyle changes, including a strict low-cholesterol or low-fat diet. Doctors normally prescribe a specific diet for people with high cholesterol, and patients should follow this diet carefully.

Those who miss a medication dose should take the medicine as soon as possible. If the next day comes before they can make up for the missed dose, they should skip it and return to their regular dosing schedule.

Zetia Side Effects

Along with the necessary and welcome effects of prescription medications, most drugs produce a few unwanted side effects. Patients who experience side effects while taking ezetimibe should consult their doctor.

Some of the possible Zetia side effects include bloating, abdominal pain, bloody stools or urine, fever, chills, constipation, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, mouth or gum sores, skin rash, muscle cramps, fatigue and headache. Many side effects disappear on their own, but others may require medical attention.