Adderall XR
Last Edited: April 16th, 2012

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Adderall XR is an extended-release version of the original Adderall medication. This amphetamine product is for the treatment of ADHD in adults and children. Adderall XR contains two portions of a drug mixture that prolongs the release of the primary ingredient in the drug. This allows consumers of Adderall to benefit from the drug over a longer period of time, and also helps prevent overdose problems.

Adderall XR should be prescribed as part of a complete treatment program. Those that may need Adderall include individuals that have difficulty concentrating and controlling their actions compared to people of the same age. ADHD can be debilitating, especially for adults that must go to work and follow a schedule. ADHD for children can cause problems in school.

This medication works by changing certain substances in the brain to be balanced and in harmony with each other. The result is stability, focus and less hyperactivity.

Precautions For Taking Adderall XR

It is important that patients avoid mixing Adderall XR with specific medications. MAO inhibitors can cause life-threatening reactions when paired alongside an amphetamine-containing drug such as Adderall XR. Those that are taking herbal supplements or vitamins should disclose this information to their doctor.

Individuals should not take this medication if they have health complications such as:

  • Hardened arteries
  • Heart disease
  • Moderate to high blood pressure
  • Overactive thyroid
  • Glaucoma
  • Anxiety
  • Or a history of a drug and alcohol abuse

Taking Adderall XR

Adderall XR is best taken in the morning after waking up for the day. Do not take this medication with any citrus juices or coffee. It is best consumed with breakfast and water. This allows the medication to dispense in the body at a consistent pace. It also allows for it to work better during important daily tasks. Taking it too late in the day can lead to jitteriness, sleeplessness and less productivity for children and adults.

A small dose is usually prescribed before advancing to larger doses. If it doesn’t work after six weeks, then the doctor may increase dosage. The best results from Adderall XR come from tweaking it until it works.

Adderall XR should not be crushed or chewed. It should be swallowed whole. Taking it all at once can lead to fatal health complications.

Side Effects Of Adderall XR

Like all medications, Adderall XR does pose some side effect risks. Most people tolerate this medication well, but if any of the following side effects are noticed, seek medical attention immediately:

  • Fast pounding heartbeats
  • Light-headedness or fainting
  • Increased blood pressure that leads to migraines, blurry vision, or chest pains
  • Tremors or hallucinations

These side effects should not be ignored.

Less severe side effects are:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Loss of appetite or dramatic weight loss
  • Loss of interest in sex

These problems are not a cause for alarm, but if they cause too much discomfort inform your doctor so your dose can be altered. You may also want to switch medications. Never discontinue use of this medication without speaking with a doctor first.